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Shahhosseini Z, Hamzehgardeshi Z, Soleimani S. A review of non-pharmacological interventions in pain management associated with endometriosis. J Res Dev Nurs Midw. 2020; 17
URL: http://nmj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1248-en.html
1- Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
2- Student Research Committee, Nasibeh Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran. , sori.soleimani@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1332 Views)
Background: Endometriosis refers to the presence of endometrial tissue (endocrine glands and stroma) outside of the uterine cavity. The prevalence of this disease is approximately 10% of women in the general population. Since there is no definitive treatment for endometriosis, medical and surgical treatment often reduces more symptoms and it prevents the progression of the disease while each of them encompasses a special side effect. CAM treatments (Complementary and Alternative Medicine) are non-pharmacologic interventions that reduce pain and mood disorder and also help to improve women's quality of life through mind and body interventions. The aim of this study was to address non-pharmacological interventions in endometriosis pain management.
Methods: This study was a review that for compile this article, at first search was done in Google Scholar database and more specifically in Persian databases such as Scientific Information Database (SID), Magiran, Iranmedex and English databases like PubMed, Springer, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct with key words such as endometriosis, chronic pelvic pain, hypnotisis, cognitive behavioral therapy and massage and articles related with the topic of this article were searched from 2000 to 2017. A total of 400 articles were searched that in abstract screening stage 122 articles were deleted due to being duplicate and 256 articles were deleted due to the lack of relevance with the objectives of the study and finally after reviewing the full text of articles, 22 articles were used for writing this study.
Results: The results of reviewing studies regarding the non-pharmacological treatments methods for endometriosis were organized in 6 main categories. 1. Moxibustion, a traditional Chinese medicine that involves of moxa at specific points of the body, 2. Medicinal herbs such as Astragalus, Ginkgo and Ginseng, 3. Massage therapy, 4. Psychological interventions such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, 5. Acupuncture, such as ear and body acupuncture, 6. Chinese Enema.
 Conclusions: It seems that non-pharmacological treatments reduce the pain score in patients with endometriosis. These treatments can be proposed as common methods to treat patients with painful conditions of reproductive system including endometriosis. However, further studies on this issue should be conducted with larger samples with specified pain conditions.
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Psychology and Psychiatry

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