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Hamzehgardeshi Z, Shahhosseini Z, Babapour F. A review of children's attachments and the impact of counseling approaches. J Res Dev Nurs Midw. 2020; 17
URL: http://nmj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1239-en.html
1- Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
2- Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
3- Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. , f.bbp1991@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1090 Views)
Background:Attachment is a lasting psychological relationship between two people which is formed in the first two years of one's life. It has two types of secure and insecure attachment. The insecure type is separated into anxiety-ambivalent and avoidant, each causing problems for children and their families. Counseling families with attachment problems will lead to higher levels of secure attachment in their children, so these families need to be more aware of effective counseling approaches to correct their children's insecure attachment. Therefore, the aim of this study is to review children's attachments and the impact of counseling approaches on them.
Methods: This review study utilized Persian keywords attachment, child and counseling at SID and Magiran databases, and English equivalent verbs extracted from Mesh-PubMed, including Parent-Child Relation, Counseling Child, and Attachment, in the database. Searches from Web of Science, Science direct, Medline-PubMed, Scopous, and Google scholar search engine from 2010 to 2019 between February and March 2018. By eliminating duplicates using End Note software and then screening at title level, abstract and full text finally 7 English and 6 Persian articles were entered and evaluated using Jadad Scale.
Results: Between 13 articles, 9 were quasi-experimental and 4 were clinical trials. Four common treatment approaches for families with attachment problems have been found . The first approach is psychoeducation, which focuses on enhancing parent/caretaker knowledge and includes positive behavior management techniques, assisting the parent-child relationship, and improving child conflict. The second approach, parent and child psychotherapy, aims to overcome negative interpersonal patterns in children. The third approach is group education to parents /caretaker to encourage consistent behaviors at home, school, and community; and the fourth is group play therapy for early school-age children to change their insecure attachment to secure attachment.
Conclusion: Identifying children with attachment problems and then using counseling approaches can improve insecure attachment and increase secure attachment.
     
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Nursing

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