Volume 19, Issue 1 (1-2022)                   J Res Dev Nurs Midw 2022, 19(1): 1-4 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Masoudi R, Zaheri K, Deris F, Solati K, Jivad N, Zaheri A. Happiness Program in Improving Sleep Quality in Multiple Sclerosis Patients. J Res Dev Nurs Midw. 2022; 19 (1) :1-4
URL: http://nmj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1063-en.html
1- Nursing Department, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
2- Nursing Department, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran , kobrazaheri1988@gmail.com
3- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
4- Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Medical Plants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
5- Department of Neurology, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
6- Paramedical department, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
Abstract:   (333 Views)


Background: Since happiness affects the various aspects of human life and is considered as one of the most important psychological needs, achieving it and it effects on the health of the body and soul has always occupied the mind of human beings. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Forde's happiness program on sleep quality in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).
Methods: This randomized clinical trial study was performed in the MS Society of Shahrekord in 2018. 70 eligible patients with MS were recruited through convenience sampling method and randomly allocated into intervention and control groups equally. The Fordyce Happiness Training Program was conducted in eight sessions in the intervention group. The sleep quality was measured by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), before intervention, immediately and three months after the implementation of Fordyce Happiness Program. The data analysis was analyzed using Chi-square, and independent t-test and Fishers exact test for demographic data distribution in intervention and control group, and repeated measures ANOVA for sleep quality in SPSS-16.
Results: The findings indicated that total scores of sleep quality of the two intervention (4.61±.052) and control (6.62±.054) groups were not significantly different before the intervention (P=0.05). However, the mean sleep quality scores of intervention and control groups showed a significant difference before, immediately after the intervention with a significant decrease in sleep quality scores over time (F=23.291, P˂0.001).
Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrated that the implementation of Fordyce Happiness Training Program in MS patients is a suitable method for improving sleep quality, and if this program continues, they will get better results.
Full-Text [PDF 732 kb]   (144 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (20 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Psychology and Psychiatry

1. Garg N, Smith TW. An update on immunopathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of multiple sclerosis. Brain Behav. 2015;5(9): e00362 [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
2. Koriem KMM. Multiple sclerosis: New insights and trends. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 2016;6(5):429-40 [View at paplisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
3. Etemadifar M, Sajjadi S, Nasr Z, Firoozeei TS, Abtahi SH, Akbari M, et all. Epidemiology of multiple sclerosis in Iran: a systematic review. European neurology. 2013;70(5-6):356-63. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
4. Khayeri F, Rabiei L, Shamsalinia A, Masoudi R. Effect of Fordyce Happiness Model on depression, stress, anxiety, and fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016;25:130-5. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
5. Masoudi R, Abedi H, Abedi P, Mohammadianinejad SE. The perspectives of Iranian patients with multiple sclerosis on continuity of care: a qualitative study. JNR. 2015;23(2):145-52. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
6. Da Silva NL, Takemoto MLS, Damasceno A, Fragoso YD, Finkelsztejn A, Becker J, et al. Cost analysis of multiple sclerosis in Brazil: a cross-sectional multicenter study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2016;16(1):102. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
7. Wingerchuk DM, Carter JL. Multiple sclerosis: current and emerging disease-modifying therapies and treatment strategies. Mayo Clinic Proceedings.2014;89(2):225-240. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
8. Veauthier C, Gaede G, Radbruch H, Wernecke KD, Paul F. Sleep disorders reduce health-related quality of life in multiple sclerosis (nottingham health profile data in patients with multiple sclerosis). Int J Mol Sci. 2015;16(7):16514-28. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
9. Tabrizi FM, Radfar M. Fatigue, Sleep Quality, and Disability in Relation to Quality of Life in Multiple Sclerosis. Int J MS Care. 2015;17(6):268-74. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
10. Moghaddam tabrizi F, Najarzadeh M, Fatemeh Zahra F. A survay on the fatigue and sleep quality and its relation with the quality of life in multiple sclerosis. Nurs Midwifery J. 2016;14(1):78-87.[persian [View at paplisher] [Google Scholar]
11. Côté I, Trojan DA, Kaminska M, Cardoso M, Benedetti A, Weiss D, et al. Impact of sleep disorder treatment on fatigue in multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis Journal. 2013;19(4):480-9. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
12. 12 .Negahban H, Rezaie S, Goharpey S. Massage therapy and exercise therapy in patients with multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled pilot study. Clin Rehabil. 2013;27(12):1126-36. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
13. Koch MW, Patten S, Berzins S, Zhornitsky S, Greenfield J, Wall W, et al. Depression in multiple sclerosis: a long-term longitudinal study. Mult Scler. 2015;21(1):76-82. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
14. Karagkouni A, Alevizos M, Theoharides TC. Effect of stress on brain inflammation and multiple sclerosis. Autoimmunity Reviews. 2013;12(10):947-53. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
15. Rivard R, Crespin D, Finch M, Johnson J, Dusek J. Effectiveness of therapeutic massage in conjunction with aromatherapy for pain and anxiety relief of hospitalized patients. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2014;20(5):A125-A. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
16. Liu B, Floud S, Pirie K, Green J, Peto R, Beral V, et al. Does happiness itself directly affect mortality? The prospective UK Million Women Study. The Lancet. 2016;387(10021):874-81. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
17. D'raven LTL, Moliver N, Thompson D. Happiness intervention decreases pain and depression, boosts happiness among primary care patients. Prim Health Care Res Dev. 2015;16(02):114-26. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
18. Rabiei L, Mazaheri MA, Masoudi R, Hasheminia AM. Fordyce happiness program and postpartum depression. J Res Med Sci. 2014;19(3):251-6. [View at paplisher] [Google Scholar]
19. Lama D. Teh art of happiness: a handbook for living‬. Anoshirvani SH, Translator. Tehran: Mohit; 2000.
20. Fordyce MW. A program to increase happiness: Further studies. J Counsel Psychol. 1983;30(4):483-98. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
21. Sari Nasirlu KA, Hakim Pur S. Studying the efficacy of fordyce happiness model on life quality of patients suffering from diabetes and cancer. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences. 2013 ; 4 (9): 2464-2469. [View at paplisher] [Google Scholar]
22. Pagnini F, Bosma CM, Phillips D, Langer E. Symptom changes in multiple sclerosis following psychological interventions: a systematic review. BMC neurology. 2014;14(1):3-9. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
23. Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF 3rd, Monk TH, Berman SR, Kupfer DJ. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index: A new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res. 1989;28(2): 193-213. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [Google Scholar]
24. Faulkner S, Sidey-Gibbons C. Use of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a mixed methods study. Frontiers in psychiatry. 2019 9; 10:284. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
25. Reza H, Kian N, Pouresmail Z, Masood K, Bagher MSS, Cheraghi MA. The effect of acupressure on quality of sleep in Iranian elderly nursing home residents. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2010;16(2):81-5 [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
26. Soleimany M, Ziba FN, Kermani A, Hosseini F. Comparison of sleep quality in two groups of nurses with and without rotation work shift hours. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2007;20(49):29-38. [Persian] [View at paplisher] [Google Scholar]
27. Cerezo MV, Ortiz-Tallo M, Cardenal V, De La Torre-Luque A. Positive psychology group intervention for breast cancer patients: A randomised trial. Psychological reports. 2014;115(1):44-64. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
28. Feicht T, Wittmann M, Jose G, Mock A, von Hirschhausen E, Esch T. Evaluation of a seven-week web-based happiness training to improve psychological well-being, reduce stress, and enhance mindfulness and flourishing: A randomized controlled occupational health study. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2013 Article ID 676953, 14 pages. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
29. Ogier-Price A. Can happiness be taught? the effect on subjective wellbeing of attending a course in positive psychology that includes the practice of multiple interventions.A thesis submitted in partial fulfilmentof the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Psychology in the University of Canterbury. 2007; 64-77.
30. Golmakani N, Hashemi Asl BM,Sajadi SA, Ebrahimzadeh S. The relationship between happiness during pregnancy, and labor pain coping behaviors. Evidence Based Care. 2012;2(2):85-93. [Persian] [View at paplisher] [Google Scholar]
31. Bitsko MJ, Stern M, Dillon R, Russell EC, Laver J. happiness and time prespective as potential mediators of quality of life and depression in adolescent cancer.pediatr blood cancer.2008;50(3):613-619. [View at paplisher] [DOI] [PMID] [Google Scholar]
32. Ghazavi Z, Mardany Z, Pahlavanzadeh S. Effect of happiness educational program of fordyce on the level of nurses' happiness. JHC. 2017; 19(3):117-24. [Persian] [View at paplisher] [Google Scholar]
33. Kamyab ZHM, Sudanei M. The effect of Fordyce happiness training on the level of happiness inpeople with diabetes Behbahan city. Knowledge and research in Applied Psychology. 2009; 42:123-108. [Persian] [Google Scholar]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Research Development in Nursing and Midwifery

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb