Volume 20, Issue 1 (4-2023)                   J Res Dev Nurs Midw 2023, 20(1): 66-72 | Back to browse issues page

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chegini M, hajizade K, farshbaf A, lalooha F, Shahnazi M. Comparative efficacy of combined oral contraceptive capsules and vitamin D–combined oral contraceptive capsules on ovulatory dysfunction: A randomized clinical trial. J Res Dev Nurs Midw 2023; 20 (1) :66-72
URL: http://nmj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1478-en.html
1- Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical sciences, Qazvin, Iran
2- Department of Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3- Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Centre, Aging Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4- Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, School of Medicine, Kosar Teaching Hospital, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
5- Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran , shahnazimahnaz@gmail.com
Abstract:   (662 Views)

Background: Food intake and metabolism might play central roles in causing and treating menstrual disorders. Vitamin D may lead to the improvement of folliculogenesis through anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH). This study aimed to compare the effect of vitamin D intake with that of the combined oral contraceptive (COC) capsules on ovulatory dysfunction.
Methods: This study was conducted on 60 eligible women referred to Kowsar Qazvin Hospital with a complaint of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB). They had a history of excessive, long, and irregular bleeding. The participants in the control and intervention groups received 1 oral LD capsule and a combination of vitamin D and LD capsules on a daily basis for 3 months, respectively. The menstrual bleeding volume, the number of menstrual days, and the menstrual cycle length were evaluated before, during, and after the intervention. The Mann-Whitney U test, Friedman test, independent t test, and Cochran Q test were used in SPSS version 24 for data analysis. P values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: The menstrual bleeding intensity decreased significantly in the intervention group (vitamin D–LD capsule; P = 0.001). Over time, both intervention and control groups showed a significant improvement in the number of menstrual days and menstrual cycle length, resulting in a more normal menstrual cycle. However, these 2 parameters remained more natural in the intervention group, a finding which did not indicate any significant differences.
Conclusion: Vitamin D can be used along with LD capsules as a supplementary treatment to lessen menstrual bleeding intensity.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Midwifery

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