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Baniaghil A S, bayenat F, Rezaei Aval M, Behnampour N. The Impact of Emotion Regulation Training on Fear of Childbirth in Primary Pregnant Women, Gorgan, 2018-2019. J Res Dev Nurs Midw. 2020; 17
URL: http://nmj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1261-en.html
1- Counseling and Reproductive Health Research Center, Booyeh School of Nursing and Midwifery, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
2- Counseling and Reproductive Health Research Center, Booyeh School of Nursing and Midwifery, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran. , f.bayenat@goums.ac.ir
3- Master of clinical Psychology,Judicatory, Gorgan, Iran .
4- Department Public Health, Health Management and Social Development Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Siences, Gorgan, Iran.
Abstract:   (1397 Views)
Background: The birth of the first child is accompanied by concerns such as fear of fetal malformations, adaptation to new identities and fear of childbirth due to adverse effects that concern maternal, child health, pregnancy, delivery and health; It has a significant. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of emotion regulation training on fear of childbirth in pregnant women in Gorgan.
Methods: This field trial study included inclusion criteria: 18-9 years old, single, gaining more than 28 of the Birth Fear Questionnaire, and exclusion criteria: Non-Migration by the end of the study. Et al. (2008) standardized and localized. Exclusion criteria included: unwillingness to continue cooperation, occurrence of severe stressful event during the study (accident, death of a first degree relative), conversion of low risk pregnancy to high risk pregnancy (preterm birth, placental abnormalities, polygamy). , Recommended for absolute rest by a midwife or gynecologist). The scores on this questionnaire ranged from 14 to 56 and higher scores indicated greater fear. No Anxiety: You didn't have that fear at all. 2 Very Low Anxiety: Not enough to be called fear. Moderate anxiety: Annoying: but not enough to affect your health and comfort 4 High anxiety: Worry is a concern that affects your health and comfort.
Initially, after completing the informed consent form, and if they scored more than 1, they were told by the Fear Questionnaire, this was a research task with two intervention and control groups. The assignment to each of the groups is completely random, and if they are in the intervention group, they will be invited to participate in the emotion regulation classes and the classes are completely optional. They were then assigned to a random sequence of letters A and B using random block allocation (binary random blocks designed and executed by a computer system). Sorting the descending phobia scores downward for the volunteer mothers would result in homogeneity in successive scores (a suitable random stratification approach), so that the mean scores in groups A and B were very close to each other. The first group consisted of 10 subjects, with one person being excluded from the study during the sessions. The first group meetings ended with 9 people. The second group started with 10 people who ended up in sessions with 9 people due to the death of his father. The third group started with 11 people and the 11 people continued until the end. Statistical analysis was performed on 29 patients in the intervention group and 31 in the control group. The pretest-posttest and control group design was performed on 62 primigravida 28-32 weeks’ pregnant women in Gorgan health centers. Sampling was done by stratified random sampling and restricted minimization method. Data collection tool was demographic data form and Persian Questionnaire 14 "Fear of delivery" questionnaire which was completed by both groups at the beginning of the study. Mothers of intervention group in 9 to 11 group in two 120 minute sessions. Weekly group training received emotion regulation according to Grasse model. Mothers in control group did not receive any intervention. At the end of the eighth session, the postnatal phase of the Fear Questionnaire was completed with a range of 14 items by both groups. Statistical analysis was performed using parametric tests of chi-square, t-test, and non-parametric tests of chi-square, Mann-Whitney at 95% confidence level and 80% test power using SPSS 18 software.
Results: The results of the present study showed that in the control group, the mean fear score of 3 units (from 37.6552 to 34.4839) and in the intervention group 11 units (from 37.6552 to 26.5517) significantly decreased after the emotion regulation training (5. /.>p).
Conclusions: Primary pregnant women who received emotion regulation training had lower fear of delivery than control group. Reduce. The result of the study confirms the importance of emotion regulation training in reducing the mean score of fear of childbirth.
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Psychology and Psychiatry

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