Volume 16, Issue 2 (11-2019)                   J Res Dev Nurs Midw 2019, 16(2): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Dehghani F, Foroughian Yazdi F, Askari R. The Job Performance of Emergency Nurses and its Relationship with Spiritual Intelligence and Occupational Hardiness. J Res Dev Nurs Midw. 2019; 16 (2) :1-10
URL: http://nmj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1164-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran. , f.dehghani@yazd.ac.ir
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
3- Department of Health Care Management, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Scienc-es, Yazd, Iran.
Abstract:   (1180 Views)
Background: The quality of hospital systems depends greatly on the performance of nurses, and the performance of nurses has a significant effect on individual patients` satisfaction. Therefore, it is important to examine the factors related to nurseschr('39') performance. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and occupational hardiness and the job performance in pre-hospital and hospital emergency nurses in Yazd.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 132 nurses working in pre-hospital and hospital emergency in Yazd University of Medical Sciences, who were selected using stratified sampling with proportional allocation in 2016. Data were collected through three questionnaires including spiritual intelligence, occupational hardiness and job performance. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression in SPSS version 19.0 (IBM, USA).
Results: The mean score of job performance, spiritual intelligence and occupational hardiness were 52.46±11.16, 121.32±12.59, and 53.29±8.72, respectively. According to the results, spiritual intelligence and occupational hardiness can predict the job performance. (R2=%18, P<0.01). Both spiritual intelligence (β=0.32, P=0.001) and occupational hardiness (β=0.24, P=0.004) showed significant positive contribution in the prediction of the job performance.
Conclusions: According to the results, developing spiritual intelligence and occupational hardiness can help to improve the job performance of the pre-hospital and hospital emergency nurses.
Full-Text [PDF 363 kb]   (330 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (19 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Nursing

1. Chamorro-Premuzic T, Von Stumm S, Furnham A. The wiley-blackwell handbook of individual differences. John Wiley & Sons; 2015. [Google Scholar]
2. Uwaliraye P. Factors influencing job performance of nurses and midwives in postpartum care: case of kibagabaga and muhima district hospitals in rwanda. University of the Western Cape; 2011. [View at Publisher] [Google Scholar]
3. Rahmani M, Alijani H, Dashtbozorge B, Haghighizadeh MH. Effect of the nursing process using via "accessible care cards" on the patients' satisfaction of nursing care in intensive care units of Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz. J Clin Nurs Midwife. 2016; 5(2): 75-83. [Persian] [Google Scholar]
4. Nasiripour A, Raeisi P, Delpasand M. The effect of job rotation on nurses performance in tehran social security hospitals.jha. 2009; 12 (37): 23-28. [Persian] [Google Scholar]
5. Saeed R, Mussawar S, Lodhi RN, Iqbal A, Nayab HH, Yaseen S. Factors affecting the performance of employees at work place in the banking sector of Pakistan. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 2013; 17(9): 1200-8. [Google Scholar]
6. Damghanian H, Jamshidi L, Maghsoodi T. Contemplating on reducing job burnout in the light of resilience. Management Studies in Development and Evolution. 2015; 24(78): 127-150. [Persian] [Google Scholar]
7. Maddi SR. Relevance of hardiness assessment and training to the military context. Military Psychology. 2007; 19(1): 61-70. [DOI:10.1080/08995600701323301] [Google Scholar]
8. Azimpour E, Jalilean S. Role of job hardiness in predicting job performance, with the mediation of innovative work behaviors. The Journal of New Advances in Behavioral Sciences. 2019; 4(31):21-42. [Persian]: http://ijndibs.com/article-1-306-fa.html.
9. Augusto Landa JM, López-Zafra E, Berrios Martos MP, Aguilar-Luzón Mdel C. The relationship between emotional intelligence, occupational stress and health in nurses: a questionnaire survey. Int J Nurs Stud. 2008; 45(6):888-901. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2007.03.005] [Google Scholar]
10. Healy S, Tyrrell M. Stress in emergency departments: experiences of nurses and doctors. Emerg Nurse. 2011; 19(4):31-37. [DOI:10.7748/en2011.] [Google Scholar]
11. asli azad m, rajaei r, farhadi t,aghasi a, shahidi l. Investigating the relationship between hardiness as well as resiliency and burnout aspects in the care givers of the physically, mentally and multiple retarded patients at the welfare organization in 2015. Community health journal. 2016; 10(2):24-32. [persian] [Google Scholar]
12. Ghule V, Shejwal BR. The role of cognitive hardiness in health and performance of bank managers. IJHW. 2016; 7(4): 383-387. [Google Scholar]
13. Bartone PT, Roland R, Picano JJ, Williams TJ. Psychological hardiness predicts success in US Army Special Forces candidates. Int J Sel Assess. 2008; 16(1): 78-81. [DOI:10.1111/j.1468-2389.2008.00412.x] [Google Scholar]
14. Saksvik-Lehouillier I, Bjorvatn B, Magerøy N, Pallesen S. Hardiness, psychosocial factors and shift work tolerance among nurses-a 2 year follow up study. J Adv Nurs. 2016; 72(8):1800-1812. [DOI:10.1111/jan.12951] [Google Scholar]
15. Musavi SH, Talebzadeh Nobarian M, Shams Mourkani G.The relationship between spiritual intelligence and organizational citizenship behavior high school teachers in Zanjan. Educational Psychology. 2012; 7(22): 65-94. [Persian] [Google Scholar]
16. Sahebalzamani M, Farahani H, Abasi R, Talebi M. The relationship between spiritual intelligence with psychological well-being and purpose in life of nurses. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2013; 18(1):38. [Persian] [Google Scholar]
17. Farhangi A, Fattahi M, Vasegh B. Workplace spirituality and its role in improving organizational citizenship behavior. Organizational Culture Management. 2006; 4(3):5-26. [Persian]
18. Kaninchen AM, Seite W. The relationship between spiritual intelligence and performance among bank staff [dissertation].Germany: University of Augsburg; 2016.
19. Rani AA, Abidin I, Hamid MR. The impact of spiritual intelligence on work performance: Case studies in government hospitals of east coast of Malaysia. The Macrotheme Review. 2013; 2(3):46-59. [Google Scholar]
20. Kaur D, Sambasivan M, Kumar N. Effect of spiritual intelligence, emotional intelligence, psychological ownership and burnout on caring behaviour of nurses: A cross sectional study. J Clin Nurs. 2013; (21-22):3192-202. [DOI:10.1111/jocn.12386] [Google Scholar]
21. Sunaryo H, Nirwanto N, Manan A. The effect of emotional and spiritual intelligence on nurses' burnout and caring behavior. International Journal of Academic Research in Bussines and Social Sciences. 2017; 7(12):1211-27. [DOI:10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i12/3753] [Google Scholar]
22. Khandan M, Eyni Z, Koohpaei A. Relationship between Spiritual Intelligence and Job Performance: A Case Study of Nurses and Nursing Aids in the Main University Hospital of Qom, Iran. Health Spiritual Med Ethics. 2017; 4(3):8-13 [Persian] [Google Scholar]
23. SafarAbadi M, Irannejad B, Jadidi A. The relationship between Spiritual intelligence and the quality of Emergency Medical Services personnel performance of Arak city-2015. J Educ Ethics Nurs. 2015; 4 (3):35-40. [Persian] [Google Scholar]
24. Abdollahzade H, Bagherpour M, Boujmehrani S, Lotfi M, Spiritual intelligence. 1 rd ed. Tehran: psychometric Publication; 2009. [Persian] [Google Scholar]
25. Ashouri J. Investigation the aligned of organizational citizenship behavior, job satisfaction and spiritual intelligence with moral behavior of nurses. J Educ Ethics Nurs. 2015; 4(4):61-68. [Persian] [Google Scholar]
26. Moreno Jiménez B, Rodríguez Muñoz A, Hernández EG, Blanco LM. Development and validation of the occupational hardiness questionnaire. Psicothema. 2014; 26(2):207-214. [DOI:10.1037/t61574-000] [Google Scholar]
27. Akbari Balotanbegan A, Rezaei AM, Mohammady Far MA, Najafi M, Akbari Balootbangan I. Psychometric properties of occupational hardiness questionnaire short form among nurse. IJN. 2015; 28(93 and 94):55-65. [Persian] [DOI:10.29252/ijn.] [Google Scholar]
28. Arshadi N, Piryaei S. The relationship of Islamic work ethics with job performance, job satisfaction and turnover intention. Islamic Management Journal. 2014; 22(1): 213-234. [Persian] [Google Scholar]
29. Aslanpour Jokandan M, Shahbazi F, Maleki R. The relationship between vigor, health and job performance in employees of the industrial company, Ahvaz. Journal Of Social Psychology (New Findings In Psychology). 2012; 7(21): 65-73. [Persian] [Google Scholar]
30. Faizy A, Azimpoor E, Zavvar T. The role of core self-evaluation and job autonomy on nurses' job performance in sanandaj public hospitals. jhosp. 2017; 16(3):112-119. [Persian] [Google Scholar]
31. Jasour M, Avarsin SM. The relationship between attributional style and spiritual intelligence and job performance of employees of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Res Dev Med Educ. 2016; 5(2):55-61. [DOI:10.15171/rdme.2016.012] [Google Scholar]
32. Malik MS, Tariq S. Impact of spiritual intelligence on organizational performance. International Review of Management and Marketing. 2016; 6(2):289-97. [Google Scholar]
33. King DB, DeCicco TL. A viable model and self-report measure of spiritual intelligence. International journal of transpersonal studies. 2009; 28(1):68-85. [DOI:10.24972/ijts.2009.28.1.68] [Google Scholar]
34. Rahman ZA, Shah IM. Measuring Islamic spiritual intelligence. Procedia Economics and Finance. 2015; 31:134-139. [DOI:10.1016/S2212-5671(15)01140-5] [Google Scholar]
35. Shanbedi F, Arshadi N. The effect of sexism events on women's job performance: moderating role of psychological hardiness and resiliency. Social Psychology Research. 2016; 6(23): 21-34. [Persian]
36. Judkins S, Massey C, Huff B. Hardiness, stress, and use of ill-time among nurse managers: is there a connection?. Nurs Econ. 2006; 24(4):187-92. [Google Scholar]
37. Cash ML. The impact of hardiness on organizational outcomes: investigating appraisal and coping processes through alternative transactional models: a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Psychology at Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand; 2009. [Google Scholar]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Research Development in Nursing & Midwifery

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb