Volume 8, Issue 1 (10-2011)                   J Res Dev Nurs Midw 2011, 8(1): 59-66 | Back to browse issues page

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sedaghat M, vaghari G, bani hashem S, maharlooie P, tazik E, angizeh A, et al . The Trend of Using Safety Seat Belt in Golestan Province from 2007 to 2010: an Epidemiologic Study. J Res Dev Nurs Midw. 2011; 8 (1) :59-66
URL: http://nmj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-116-en.html
1- , m-sedaghat3@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (27182 Views)

  Background and Objective : After suffering from some diseases,car accident is the most common cause of mortality in Iran.Using safety seat belt has a considerable role in reducing the injuries. This study has been established for comparing the trend of safety belt use from 2007to­ 2010 in Golestan province.

  Material and Methods: This population-based cross-sectional study was carried out on 3999 subjects aged 15-65,­during four years,in 11 urban and rural public health centers.They were selected by stratified and cluster sampling.­ Interviewers recorded the data using a all of them filled demographic data sheet,and were asked whether they asked seat belt or not.We used Chi-2 test to compare the frequencies and regression logistic to estimate seat belt use odds ratio.

  Results: The rate of seat belt use in the years of 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 were 71%, 69.8%, 74.5 and 86.4%, respectively.The difference is signficant(P<0.01) safety belt use during the four years increases by 15.4%.­ This increase in urban area is 19% while in rural area is 14.9%. In under 35-­year-old group,the increase is 17.85% and in over 35 is 14.3% .In 2010,­using seat belt in men was more than women, by 14.8%.

  Conclusion: Using safety belt increased by 3.85% for each year.It,s use in urban higher that rural are,and in institutionalization to use the safety belt and a growing trend to use clear men more them women was reported.Interalization horizon in the province in reducing mortality from accidents will open of using seat belt and it,s increasing use is considerable in this Province.

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