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Khani S, Soleimani S, Sharif Nia H, Abdollahy F. Knowledge of Men about their Participation in Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Health and related factors. J Res Dev Nurs Midw. 2020; 17
URL: http://nmj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1247-en.html
1- Department of Reproductive Health and Midwifery, Diabetes Research Center, Mazandaran Uni-versity of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
2- Student Research Committee, Nasibeh Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran , sori.soleimani@yahoo.com
3- Department of Medical/Surgical Nursing, Amol Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
4- Department of Public Health, College of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Abstract:   (1014 Views)
Background: Today, one of the key ways to promote Sexual and Reproductive Health of women is to attract men's participation in this field. Since there are challenges in our information about men's knowledge of their role in this field, the present study was designed to determine men's knowledge of their participation in women's sexual and reproductive health and its predictive factors in Iranian men.
Methods: The present study was designed and psychometrically analyzed the men's knowledge about their participation in sexual and reproductive health and then their knowledge was evaluated and described. In order to design the tool, the basics were prepared by interviewing and reviewing the texts.
 Then, face (qualitative and quantitative), content (qualitative and quantitative), structure (convergent and discriminant) validity, and reliability of the scale were assessed. Then, in a descriptive-analytic study, 449 men were selected by convenience method from health centers, Nowshahr and Chalus cities in Mazandaran province.
 Inclusion criteria included married men over 15 years of age with at least a fifth grade literacy in Farsi who came to health centers and who volunteered to participate in the study. Data were collected using a questionnaire (designed by the research team). The minimum knowledge score was 39 and the maximum was 195.
Results: Face (qualitative and quantitative (impact score>1.5)), content (qualitative and quantitative (CVR>0.62 and CVI>0.70)), structure (convergent and discriminant) validity, and reliability of the scale (Cronbach’s alpha > 0.7) were acceptable for all factors as well as internal consistency and structural reliability based on standard indices.
Confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis extracted six items of 28 items: "emotional and gender attention", "support for girls", "attention and supply of sexual and reproductive health needs", "violence avoidance", "responsibility" and "reproductive rights" with 28 items. The six-factor fitting of men's knowledge tool was confirmed by standard indices.
14.5% of the participants had a under school diploma. Most of them (76.4%) reported average household income. The maximum age of 72 was at least 23 and their mean age was 42.6. The results showed that the mean score of men's knowledge was 127.45 ± 8.33 and the maximum was 140, at least 86. Significant predictors in the regression analysis were forced marriage (B = -10.676), economic violence (B = -1.381), and having a history of abortion (B = -2.022).
Conclusions: The findings of the study showed that men's knowledge is inversely correlated with men's economic violence against women and forcing young people to choose a partner against their own inner desires and also with unwanted pregnancy and abortion. Therefore, policymakers and managers are recommended to pay close attention to increasing men's knowledge and it’s predictive to prevent these three inappropriate social phenomena.
     
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Psychology and Psychiatry

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